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Product name : BML-275
Item : CR1949
Price : 100mg, $595; 500mg, $1295;
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CAS : 1219168-18-9
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Chemical Information

M.Wt 472.41 Storage Please store the product under the recommended conditions in the Certificate of Analysis.
Formula C24H27Cl2N5O
CAS No 1219168-18-9

Soluble in water (100 mM), and DMSO (20 mM).

Biological Activity of Dorsomorphin dihydrochloride


Dorsomorphin 2Hcl (Compound C; BML-275) has been shown to act as a potent and selective inhibitor of AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase; Ki = 109 nM), induced by AICAR and metformin; also inhibits the bone morphogenetic protein type 1 receptors ACTR-I (ALK2), BMPR-IA (ALK3), and BMPR-IB (ALK 6).
IC50 value: 109 nM (Ki for AMPK)
Target: AMPK
in vitro: Compound C treatment of MCF7 cells led to Bax redistribution from the cytoplasm to mitochondria and cell death.ceramide synthase 5 (LASS/CerS 5) is involved in Compound C-induced ceramide upregulation. Downregulation of LASS/CerS 5 was found to attenuate Compound C-mediated ceramide production, Bax redistribution, and cell death [1]. compound C prevented UPR marker glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) accumulation and exerted enhanced cytotoxicity during glucose deprivation. compound C had a unique mode of action to suppress the transcriptional activation of UPR-targeted genes, as compared with the classic UPR inhibitors versipelostatin and biguanides. Surprisingly, the UPR-inhibiting activity of compound C was not associated with either AMPK or BMP signaling inhibition [2]. Compound C-mediated inhibition of AMPK and raptor in U251 cells was associated with paradoxical decrease in phosphorylation of AMPK/raptor-repressed mTOR, a major negative regulator of autophagy, and its downstream target p70S6K [3].
in vivo:


[1]. Jin J, et al. AMPK inhibitor Compound C stimulates ceramide production and promotes Bax redistribution and apoptosis in MCF7 breast carcinoma cells. J Lipid Res. 2009 Dec;50(12):2389-97.
[2]. Saito S, et al. Compound C prevents the unfolded protein response during glucose deprivation through a mechanism independent of AMPK and BMP signaling. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45845.
[3]. Vucicevic L, et al. Compound C induces protective autophagy in cancer cells through AMPK inhibition-independent blockade of Akt/mTOR pathway. Autophagy. 2011 Jan;7(1):40-50.

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